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Tuesday 27 May 2014

ADF Basics : How to use FacesMessage to show multiline message

FacesMessage component is used to show confirmation, warning or informational message in Oracle ADF .In this tutorial, you will see that how to use FacesMessage component to show Multiline Message. Sometimes we need to show multilines message then how we implement this ?

this is same as FacesMessage implementation, you should know that af:messages support HTML formatting, so we use HTML formatting to show multiline messages
see more about FacesMessage -
about inline message

Managed bean code to show multiline message in ADF using FacesMessage-

    package multilineMessages.view.bean;
    import javax.faces.application.FacesMessage;
    import javax.faces.context.FacesContext;
    import javax.faces.event.ActionEvent;
    public class MultilineMessageBean {
        public MultilineMessageBean() {
        public void showMessage(ActionEvent actionEvent) {
            StringBuilder message = new StringBuilder("<html><body>");
            message.append("<p><b>Hi This is Frist Line--Oracle ADF Message</b></p>");
            message.append("<p><i>Hi This is Second Line--Oracle ADF Message</i></p>");
            message.append("<p><b>Hi This is Third Line--Oracle ADF Message</b></p>");
            FacesMessage fm = new FacesMessage(message.toString());
            FacesContext fctx = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
            fctx.addMessage(null, fm);

To use for Error and Warning just change FacesMessage.SEVERITY_INFO to SEVERITY_ERROR or SEVERITY_WARN.
It will look like this
You can change your Message accordingly

 you can also use some html styles (CSS) to change color of text that appears in message body , see the changed code

    public void showMessage(ActionEvent actionEvent) {
        StringBuilder message = new StringBuilder("<html><body>");
        message.append("<p style='color:navy'><b>Hi This is Frist Line--Oracle ADF Message</b></p>");
        message.append("<p style='color:green'><i>Hi This is Second Line--Oracle ADF Message</i></p>");
        message.append("<p style='color:magenta'><b>Hi This is Third Line--Oracle ADF Message</b></p>");
        message.append("<p style='color:red'><b><i>This is Fourth line--Oracle ADF Message</i></b></p>");
        FacesMessage fm = new FacesMessage(message.toString());
        FacesContext fctx = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
        fctx.addMessage(null, fm);

now see the FacesMessage look like this-
Happy Learning :-) Download Sample App

Friday 23 May 2014

Reading html source of a webpage (url) using Oracle ADF (af:richTextEditor) & Java

This post is about a common question asked in java-

How to read page source of a website ? or how to get html source of an url?

so for that there is a simple piece of code to read html source of a webpage using it's url, and i have added  af:richTextEditor (ADF Faces component for ricj text formatting) to show html form of url source

  • I have a page with one input text to capture url entered by user, a button to fetch html source of that webpage and a af:richTextEditor to show source code in editing mode and in html mode 

  • See how to get webpage source from an url using java and save it to a html file (download a webpage ), Bind inputText and richInputText to managed bean and craete a actionListener on button to get source

  •     // Input text Binding to get URL
        private RichInputText webPageUrlBind;
        // RickInput text Binding to set Source
        private RichTextEditor richTextBind;
        public void setWebPageUrlBind(RichInputText webPageUrlBind) {
            this.webPageUrlBind = webPageUrlBind;
        public RichInputText getWebPageUrlBind() {
            return webPageUrlBind;
        public void setRichTextBind(RichTextEditor richTextBind) {
            this.richTextBind = richTextBind;
        public RichTextEditor getRichTextBind() {
            return richTextBind;
        /**Method to get html source of url (webpage) and set this to rickTextEditor
         * @param actionEvent
        public void getSourceCodeAction(ActionEvent actionEvent) {
            URL url = null;
            try {
                if (webPageUrlBind.getValue() != null) {
                    // Define your URL- Get value from input text using binding
                    url = new URL(webPageUrlBind.getValue().toString());
                URLConnection conn = url.openConnection();
                // open the stream and put it into BufferedReader
                BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(conn.getInputStream()));
                String inputLine;
                String sourceCode = "";
                //Save html file (HTML Source Code of given URL)
                String fileName = "D:/web-content.html";
                File file = new File(fileName);
                if (!file.exists()) {
                //use FileWriter to write file
                FileWriter fw = new FileWriter(file.getAbsoluteFile());
                BufferedWriter bw = new BufferedWriter(fw);
                System.out.println("Printing WebPage source on console, Please wait...\n");
                while ((inputLine = br.readLine()) != null) {
                    sourceCode = sourceCode.concat(inputLine);
                System.out.println("\n\nYour file is save in D drive! Congratulations ");
            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
            } catch (IOException e) {

  • now click on button and see , here i am getting source code of this blog

  • now switch RichTextMode to see html preview of this source, it is exactly looking like live webpage, it shows one can practice in this ADF Faces's rickTextEditor to learn html tags

  • and see in D drive of your system a file named web-content created , it contains whole source of this webpage
 Cheers - Happy Learning :)

Tuesday 20 May 2014

Blocking row navigation in af:table , synchronize row selection with model in case of validation failure- Oracle ADF

In ADF we often work on editable af:table and when we use af:table to insert ,update or delete data, it is normal to use some validation
but problem is when some validation failure occurs on page (in af:table) ,still we can select another row and it shows as currently selected Row
this is a bit confusing for user as Row Selection of af:table is not synchronized with model or binding layer

See Problem- 
  • I have an editable table on page

  • Added a validation to check negative value in field of LocationId, now navigate to another row

  • See selected focus is on Academic, but problem is when there is validation failure, why it is showing other row as selected ? 

  • If you check in ViewObject , you will find that row with DepartmentName Human Resource is current row

ADF framework provides a property in af:table to control navigation in af:table when there is some error or validation failure- blockRowNavigationOnError
See in oracle docs about this proprty-

Valid Values: always, never, auto

Whether we want to block row navigation in case of validation failure.
This is when you select a row and do some editing inside the table or in a related form, and this editing causes some validation failures. At this time, if you click on a different row in table, we want to block you from moving to the new row.
possible values are: always, never and auto. default value is auto.

  • always means we block the row navigation
  • never means we don't block and let the row navigation happen
  • auto means the framework will make the decision

by default in af:tabel it's value is <auto>

Change it to <always> and now see behavior on page

 now if you try to select another row, it is not get selected and selected focus is on row with validation

Sample ADF Application-Download
Cheers - Happy Learning :-)

Thursday 15 May 2014

Overriding Reset button action (QueryOperationListener) of af:query, Changing query mode, Handling QueryOperationEvent programmatically-Oracle ADF

Hello All ,
previously i had a requirement of validating af:query fields so i have found two ways to do that
see -Overriding default query listener ,field validation of af:query- Oracle ADF

now i have to set some values in af:query when user clicks on Reset button of query so to do that i have to override default QueryOperationListener in order to handle QueryOperationEvent  

Oracle docs says-

af:query- The query component provides the user the ability to perform a query based on a saved search or personalize saved searches in Oracle ADF. The component displays a search panel with various elements, each of which help the user to accomplish various tasks. 

QueryOperationListener- QueryOperationListener class. A registered queryOperationListener is invoked when the user's action results a queue and broadcast of QueryOpertionEvent on the component. For example, click the delete icon in the QuickCriteria component or click "Save", "Reset" etc buttons in Query component to perform a Query Operation.

 QueryOperationEvent-A user can perform various operations on saved searches while interacting with a query component. These actions include creating, overriding, deleting, duplicating, selecting, resetting and updating a saved search

want to

so i have created a QueryOperationListener in managed bean that communicates with QueryOperationEvent

in this method we can capture various events of af:query as reset,update
so for this use-case i have to capture reset and set desired values in query attribute (viewObject's bind variable) , here i am using Departments table of HR Schema

now see the code (i have to set Human Resource department on reset in search panel) - how to capture raised event when user clicks on Reset button of af:query

    /**Custom QueryOperationListener that hadles variois events raised by af:query
     * @param queryOperationEvent
    public void deptSeacrhQueryOperationList(QueryOperationEvent queryOperationEvent) {
        //Invoke default operation listener
        invokeEL("#{bindings.DepartmentsVOCriteriaQuery.processQueryOperation}", Object.class,
                 QueryOperationEvent.class, queryOperationEvent);

        System.out.println("Query Event is-" + queryOperationEvent.getOperation().name());
        //Check that current operation is RESET
        if (queryOperationEvent.getOperation().name().equalsIgnoreCase("RESET")) {
            DCIteratorBinding iter = (DCIteratorBinding) getBindings().get("Departments1Iterator");

            ViewObjectImpl vo = (ViewObjectImpl) iter.getViewObject();
            // Setting the value of bind variable
            vo.ensureVariableManager().setVariableValue("BindDeptNm", "Human Resource");

to invoke Expression use this method

     * @param expr
     * @param returnType
     * @param argTypes
     * @param args
     * @return
    public Object invokeMethodExpression(String expr, Class returnType, Class[] argTypes, Object[] args) {
        FacesContext fc = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
        ELContext elctx = fc.getELContext();
        ExpressionFactory elFactory = fc.getApplication().getExpressionFactory();
        MethodExpression methodExpr = elFactory.createMethodExpression(elctx, expr, returnType, argTypes);
        return methodExpr.invoke(elctx, args);

     * @param expr
     * @param returnType
     * @param argType
     * @param argument
     * @return
    public Object invokeEL(String expr, Class returnType, Class argType, Object argument) {
        return invokeMethodExpression(expr, returnType, new Class[] { argType }, new Object[] { argument });

now run this page and check on click of reset button this listener is invoked and sets the value of af:query field
Default page view -on-load

 after click on Reset-

other than this reset we can handle other events of af:query (for saved search there are various events based on corresponding operations) as DELETE, UPDATE, CREATE

on clicking various button of this personalized search box we get respective operation  name in managed bean and can handle as  done for RESET operation

Changing mode of default search panel (af:query) of ADF-
this is nothing but  2 lines that changes the mode of af:query - Basic to Advanced & Advanced to Basic

so dropped a button on page to change af:query search mode and see the code of ActionListener for this

//Binding of af:query in managed bean  
  private RichQuery queryPanelDept;
    public void setQueryPanelDept(RichQuery queryPanelDept) {
        this.queryPanelDept = queryPanelDept;
    public RichQuery getQueryPanelDept() {
        return queryPanelDept;

    private String current_mode = "B";

    /**Method Action to change mode of af:query
     * @param actionEvent
    public void changeModeAction(ActionEvent actionEvent) {
        if (current_mode == "B") {
            current_mode = "A";
        } else if (current_mode == "A") {
            current_mode = "B";

now run page and see-

Cheers - Happy learning :-) Download Sample ADF App

Monday 12 May 2014

Getting selected value (not index) & display value of select one choice programmatically in ADF

Hello All,
This post is about a common requirement of getting selected value & display value of af:selectOneChoice in managed bean
normally when we try to get selected value of  selectOneChoice in managed bean (in ValueChange/ Validator or using binding) it returns index of that row
so there is a little piece of code using that we can get selected value of choice component

  • I have used Departments table of HR Schema in sample and created a lov on a transient field

  • Now dropped that ViewObject on page as a table 

  • Created a value change listener in managed bean fro DeptIdTrans but it return index of selected value

  • Then i googled about it and used this method to solve my headache, try to get attributeValue instead of inputValue, see the code written in valueChaneListener in managed bean

  •     /**Value Change Listener of DeptIdTrans (to get selected and display value)
         * @param vce
        public void deptIdVCE(ValueChangeEvent vce) {
            System.out.println("New Value is-" + vce.getNewValue());
            if (vce.getNewValue() != null) {
                                          vce.getNewValue()); //Updating Model Values
                Integer selectedCode =
                System.out.println("******** Selected Value in List***** " + selectedCode);
                System.out.println("*******Display Value in List ****" +

  • There is two methods to set and get value in expression (EL)

  •     /**Method to set value in Expression (EL)
         * @param el
         * @param val
        public void setvalueToExpression(String el, Object val) {
            FacesContext facesContext = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
            ELContext elContext = facesContext.getELContext();
            ExpressionFactory expressionFactory = facesContext.getApplication().getExpressionFactory();
            ValueExpression exp = expressionFactory.createValueExpression(elContext, el, Object.class);
            exp.setValue(elContext, val);
        /**Method to get value from Expression (EL)
         * @param data
         * @return
        public String getValueFrmExpression(String data) {
            FacesContext fc = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
            Application app = fc.getApplication();
            ExpressionFactory elFactory = app.getExpressionFactory();
            ELContext elContext = fc.getELContext();
            ValueExpression valueExp = elFactory.createValueExpression(elContext, data, Object.class);
            String Message = null;
            Object obj = valueExp.getValue(elContext);
            if (obj != null) {
                Message = obj.toString();
            return Message;

  • Again run page and select any value in selectOneChoice (lov) and see the result

Cheers :-) Happy Learning

Tuesday 6 May 2014

ADF Basics : Selecting and showing time-stamp in ADF Faces using af:inputDate & af:convertDateTime

Hello All
This post is about a very common & basic requirement of developers ,
how to show & select time with date in ADF Faces ?
We use af:inputDate to show and select Date & Timestamp type of attributes, by default it looks like this

ADF provides a default converter (af:convertDateTime) to format date & timestamp field, we can define a pattern to change it's format & to show time selector in calendar box

Suppose pattern is- dd-MMM-yyy HH:mm:ss , now see there is a hour/minute/second selector appears in calendar box

you can change this pattern as per your format , suppose you want to show AM or PM after time just use dd-MMM-yyy HH:mm:ss a

see xml source of af:inputDate-

<af:inputDate label="Label 1" id="id1" contentStyle="width:250px;padding:5px;">
                        <af:convertDateTime pattern="dd-MMM-yyy HH:mm:ss a"/>

this is how we can change format of Date & Timestamp - Cheers :-)

Friday 2 May 2014

Pre-populate selected values in viewObject based shuttle component (multiple selection)- Oracle ADF

Hello All,
This post talks about a common development requirement
while using shuttle component sometimes we need to show some values on selected side of af:selectManyShuttle , so to do this normally we use a custom shuttle component that is populated from managed bean code
but when i have all data in a viewObject so why should i iterate viewObject to get all data in managed bean and then set some values in an arrayList to populate selected shuttle values.
it is time consuming and requires lot of coding, so for viewObject based shuttle we can do it in efficient way.

  • In this example I'm using Departments table of HR schema to populate af:selectManyShuttle, i think you all know how to create a shuttle in ADF
  • So next is to populate selected shuttle values on some event, created a fusion web application using Departments table

  • It's time to drop Departments ViewObject on page as shuttle component

  • <af:selectManyShuttle value="#{bindings.Departments1.inputValue}" label="#{bindings.Departments1.label}"
                                          id="sms1" size="15" binding="#{pageFlowScope.ShuttleSelectBean.shuttleBind}"
                        <f:selectItems value="#{bindings.Departments1.items}" id="si1"/>
                        <f:validator binding="#{bindings.Departments1.validator}"/>

  • So suppose on a button click i want to set selected values in shuttle, so i have created a actionEvent for button in managed bean and binding of af:selectManyShuttle, so basic structure of page is like this

  • See the code of actionEvent , create an arrayList and add all values in it that you want to set as selected values and then just set the value in shuttle using binding

  •     /**Method to set selected values in af:selectManyShuttle
         * @param actionEvent
        public void selectValuesShuttle(ActionEvent actionEvent) {
            DCIteratorBinding iter = (DCIteratorBinding) getBindingsCont().get("Departments1Iterator");
            ViewObject vo = iter.getViewObject();
            RowSetIterator rsi = vo.createRowSetIterator(null);
            ArrayList listVal = new ArrayList(20);
            while (rsi.hasNext()) {
                Row nextRow =;
                if (nextRow.getAttribute("DepartmentId") != null) {
            shuttleBind.resetValue();// Reset Shuttle Component
            System.out.println("Setting values -" + listVal);
            shuttleBind.setValue(listVal.toArray()); // Setting selected values 

  • Now run this page and test your shuttle component

  • Cheers- Happy Coding

  • But this method works only when you have to set values on some action or other event after page load, because before page load , binding of shuttle component will not be accessible
  • So if you have a requirement of setting selected values on page load then you must use a list defined in managed bean and bind it to  value property of shuttle component, value property denotes selected values of shuttle 

  • And just write same code on getter of List, in this case selected values in shuttle are populated on page load

  •     List pageLoad = new ArrayList(20);
        public void setPageLoad(List pageLoad) {
            this.pageLoad = pageLoad;
        public List getPageLoad() {
            DCIteratorBinding iter = (DCIteratorBinding) getBindingsCont().get("Departments1Iterator");
            ViewObject vo = iter.getViewObject();
            RowSetIterator rsi = vo.createRowSetIterator(null);
            while (rsi.hasNext()) {
                Row nextRow =;
                if (nextRow.getAttribute("DepartmentId") != null) {
            return pageLoad;

    Cheers- Use both method as per your requirement :-) Download Sample App