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Thursday 22 January 2015

Show uploaded file (pdf/text/html/xml/image) content on page -Oracle ADF

Hello all
In previous post
Uploading and downloading files from absolute server path in Oracle ADF (12.1.3)
we saw that how can we upload any file to absolute server path and download same from there.
Uploading part is done using simple java code to write file to specified folder and downloading part is done using <af:fileDownloadActionListener>

Now in this post i am going to show that how can we display a file on page directly without downloading it.
So for this i am using same sample application that i have used in previous post , you can download it from here

See the additional steps to show file content on page-
  • Create a servlet to parse file into output stream , this output stream will be used to show file content further.
    To create servlet right click on viewController project select New--->From Gallery-->Web Tier-->Servlet

  • See servlet source code to parse file into outputStream

  • import;
    import javax.servlet.*;
    import javax.servlet.http.*;
    public class PreviewFileServlet extends HttpServlet {
        private static final String CONTENT_TYPE = "text/html; charset=UTF-8";
        public void init(ServletConfig config) throws ServletException {
         * @param request
         * @param response
         * @throws ServletException
         * @throws IOException
        public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
            String path = (request.getParameter("path"));
            OutputStream os = response.getOutputStream();
            //If path is null
            if (path.equalsIgnoreCase("No")) {
                path = "D:\\Document\\ItemImage\\Item.jpg";
            if (request.getParameter("path") == "") {
                path = "D:\\Document\\ItemImage\\Item.jpg";
            InputStream inputStream = null;
            try {
                File outputFile = new File(path);
                inputStream = new FileInputStream(outputFile);
                BufferedInputStream in = new BufferedInputStream(inputStream);
                int b;
                byte[] buffer = new byte[10240];
                while ((b =, 0, 10240)) != -1) {
                    os.write(buffer, 0, b);
            } catch (Exception e) {
            } finally {
                if (os != null) {
                if (inputStream != null) {

  • Now open page in editor and drop an af:inlineFrame from component palette . inlineFrame is used to create a frame to show any external page or document just like as HTML iframe , it is loaded from source attribute
    So here i am using servlet as source attribute for this inlineFrame

  • <af:inlineFrame id="if2"
                                                        source="/previewfileservlet?path=#{bindings.Path.inputValue == null ? 'No' : bindings.Path.inputValue}"
                                                        inlineStyle="height:350px;width:800px;" sizing="preferred"/>

    here path of document is added to pageDef bindings that is passed to servelt as parameter

  • Now run this application and check it

    View Text File-
          View PDF File-

Thanks, Happy Learning :)

Post Related to file handling in Oracle ADF- 

Show saved file (pdf/text/html/xml/image) content on page from database (BLOB) in ADF Application
Uploading and showing image file from absolute server path -Orace ADF
Exporting viewObject data in text file using af:fileDownloadActionListener in Oracle ADF (12.1.3)
Creating pdf file using Apache PDFBox API in ADF Faces and opening it in new window -Oracle ADF
Download file from url using Oracle ADF & Java- Download Manager
Reading html source of a webpage (url) using Oracle ADF (af:richTextEditor) & Java

Friday 16 January 2015

Setting view object bind variable (Override bindParametersForCollection, prepareRowSetForQuery, executeQueryForCollection )

Hello All,
This post is about a very basic question- How to set bind variable of a view object ?
and there are multiple posts about it that describes multiple ways to do this
Using setNamedWhereClause
Using VariableValueManager 
Using setter method in VOImpl class

But Sometimes we can not assign bind variable value in declarative way for first time execution as value source for bind variable is fixed but it's value may change at runtime from n number of events

So for this type of requirement we can set bind variable's value in such a way so that we need not to write code everywhere to set changed value.
See how can we do this -

  • Create a Fusion Web Application and prepare model using Departments table of HR Schema

  • Open Departments viewObject add a bind variable in it's query , this bind variable is further used to set value and filter result set

  • Create Java class for Department view object, goto java tab of Departments VO and click on edit icon of Java Classes and select "Generate ViewObject Class"

  • Now we can set bind variable's value by overriding 3 methods of DepartmentVOImpl class

1. Overriding bindParametersForCollection in ViewObject java class -

This method is used to set bind variable's value by framework, framework supplies an array of all bind variable to this method We can override this method to set value of bind variable ,
Open DepartmentVOImpl class and click on override methods icon on top of editor
It will open a window that consist all methods , search by name and click on ok

See the code in DepartmentVOImpl-

    /**@override Method to set bind variable's value at runtime (Framework Internal Method)
     * @param queryCollection
     * @param object
     * @param preparedStatement
     * @throws SQLException
    protected void bindParametersForCollection(QueryCollection queryCollection, Object[] object,
                                               PreparedStatement preparedStatement) throws SQLException {
        for (Object bindVar : object) {
            // Iterate over bind variable set and find specific bind variable
            if (((Object[])bindVar)[0].toString().equals("BindDeptId")) {
                // set the bind variable's  value
                ((Object[])bindVar)[1] = 100;

        super.bindParametersForCollection(queryCollection, object, preparedStatement);


2. Overriding prepareRowSetForQuery in ViewObject java class -

This method (introduce in release) executes before bindParametersForCollection , same thing can also be done in this method 
Override method in Impl class 

See the Code in DepartmentsVOImpl-

    /**@override Method to prepare RowSet for execution(Framework Internal Method)
     * @param viewRowSetImpl
     public void prepareRowSetForQuery(ViewRowSetImpl viewRowSetImpl) {
        //Set Bind Variable's value 
        viewRowSetImpl.ensureVariableManager().setVariableValue("BindDeptId", 100);

3. Overriding executeQueryForCollection in ViewObject java class -

This method invokes just before framework executes rowset , avoid setting bind varibale in this method because it is not called before some methods as getEstimatedRowCount(), So whenever you try to get rowcount it will return wrong values 
still it works and sets the bind varible value and executes rowset, again override method

See the Code in DepartmentsVOImpl-

    /**Method to excute viewObject rowSet(Framework Internal Method)
     * @param object
     * @param object2
     * @param i
    protected void executeQueryForCollection(Object object, Object[] object2, int i) {
        for (Object bindVar : object2) {
            // Iterate over bind variable set and find specific bind variable
            if (((Object[])bindVar)[0].toString().equals("BindDeptId")) {
                // Set the bind variable value
                ((Object[])bindVar)[1] = 100;

        super.executeQueryForCollection(object, object2, i);

Now use anyone of these methods to set bind variable value and run application module, check result
It is showing data for DepartmentId 100.

Thanks, Happy Learning :)

Monday 12 January 2015

Send eMail and attachement from any SMTP server using JavaMail in Oracle ADF

The JavaMail API provides a platform-independent and protocol-independent framework to build mail and messaging applications- JavaMail API

This post is about sending eMail and attachments from any SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) as Gmail or any other server (
You can read my previous post about mail integration with ADF that was specifically about using Gmail Server
Gmail Integration with Oracle ADF using Java Mail API 

So all basic configuration is described in previous post , now in this post i am only writing a java method to send mail and attachments

Don't forget to download these 2 jar files
  1.mail.jar 2. Activation.jar- Download
Add both jar files to project library path and then use this method 
Necessary packages to import -

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Properties;

import javax.activation.DataHandler;
import javax.activation.DataSource;

import javax.activation.FileDataSource;

import javax.mail.BodyPart;
import javax.mail.Message;
import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.Multipart;
import javax.mail.NoSuchProviderException;
import javax.mail.PasswordAuthentication;
import javax.mail.Session;
import javax.mail.Transport;
import javax.mail.internet.AddressException;
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeBodyPart;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMultipart;

Helper method (JavaCode) to send simple eMail and eMail with attachment-

    /**Method to send mail from any SMTP server using JavaMail API
     * Provide Correct Parameters
     * @return
     * @param msg- Email Message Body
     * @parsm subject- Subject of Email
     * @param FromUser- Email Id of Sender
     * @param ToUser- Email Id of Reciever
     * @param pwd- Password of sender's email address
     * @param hostName- Host Name of Mail server (
     * @param isAnyAtchmnt- "Y" for yes there is an attachement and "N" for no attachment
     * @param fileNamePath- abolute path of file on server if there is any attachement
    public String sendMail(String msg, String subject, String FromUser, ArrayList<String> ToUser, String pwd,
                           String hostName, String isAnyAtchmnt, ArrayList<String> fileNameNPath) {
        // Setting Properties
        Properties emailProperties = new Properties();
        emailProperties.put("", hostName);
        emailProperties.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
        emailProperties.put("mail.smtp.starttls.enable", "true");
        //Login Credentials
        final String user = FromUser; //change accordingly
        final String password = pwd; //change accordingly
        Session session = Session.getInstance(emailProperties, new javax.mail.Authenticator() {
            public PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
                return new PasswordAuthentication(user, password);

        //1) create MimeBodyPart object and set your message content
        MimeMessage message = new MimeMessage(session);
        try {
            message.setFrom(new InternetAddress(user));
            for (String email : ToUser) {
                System.out.println("Mail Id is-" + email);
                message.addRecipient(Message.RecipientType.TO, new InternetAddress(email));

            BodyPart messageBody = new MimeBodyPart();

            messageBody.setContent(msg, "text/html");

            // If there is any attachment to send
            //5) create Multipart object and add MimeBodyPart objects to this object
            Multipart multipart = new MimeMultipart();

            if ("Y".equalsIgnoreCase(isAnyAtchmnt)) {
                //2) create new MimeBodyPart object and set DataHandler object to this object

                for (String path : fileNameNPath) {
                    MimeBodyPart messageBodyPart2 = new MimeBodyPart();
                    System.out.println("Exact path--->" + path);
                    DataSource source = new FileDataSource(path);
                    messageBodyPart2.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source));
                    // System.out.println("FileName is-"+path.substring(path.lastIndexOf("//")+1, path.length()));
                    messageBodyPart2.setFileName(path.substring(path.lastIndexOf("//") + 2, path.length()));

                //6) set the multiplart object to the message object
            //If there is plain eMail- No Attachment
            else {
                message.setContent(msg, "text/html"); //for a html email
        } catch (MessagingException e) {

        Transport transport = null;

        try {
            transport = session.getTransport("smtp");
        } catch (NoSuchProviderException e) {
            System.out.println("No such Provider Exception");

        try {
            transport.connect(hostName, FromUser, pwd);
            transport.sendMessage(message, message.getAllRecipients());

            System.out.println("Email sent successfully.");
            return "Y";
        } catch (MessagingException e) {
            System.out.println("Messaging Exception" + e);
            return "N";


Call this method in your ADF Application to send simple mail or mail with attachment, this is just like plug n play , provide correct parameters and use

Thanks :) Happy Learning

Wednesday 7 January 2015

Programmatically populate values in ADF Faces multiSelect component (af:selectManyCheckbox, af:selectManyChoice, af:selectManyListbox, af:selectManyShuttle)

ADF Faces provides some component to support multiple selection as af:selectManyListbox, af:selectManyCheckbox, af:selectManyChoice, af:selectManyShuttle
In this post we will see how to populate values in these component from managed bean using POJO
You can read my previous post on multiple selection that was about populating multiselect component using ADF BC and binding layer
Using Multiple Selection (selectManyListbox & selectManyCheckbox component) in ADF
Shuttle Component in Oracle ADF (Allow Multiple Selection)

See the step by step implementation-

  • Create a Fusion Web Application and a managed bean in viewController

  • Create a variable of type java.util.List in managed bean, and generate its accessors

  •     //List to show records in selectMany components
        List<SelectItem> allValuesList;
        public void setAllValuesList(List<SelectItem> allValuesList) {
            this.allValuesList = allValuesList;
        public List<SelectItem> getAllValuesList() {
            return allValuesList;

  • This list contains value of type javax.faces.model.SelectItem; that is supported by af:selectManyCheckbox, af:selectManyChoice, af:selectManyListbox compoent

  •     //List to show records in selectMany components
        List<SelectItem> allValuesList;
        public void setAllValuesList(List<SelectItem> allValuesList) {
            this.allValuesList = allValuesList;
        public List<SelectItem> getAllValuesList() {
            if (allValuesList == null) {
                allValuesList = new ArrayList<SelectItem>();
                allValuesList.add(new SelectItem(1, "India"));
                allValuesList.add(new SelectItem(2, "Australia"));
                allValuesList.add(new SelectItem(3, "America"));
                allValuesList.add(new SelectItem(4, "United Kingdom"));
            return allValuesList;

  • See how to add this list reference to  af:selectManyCheckbox component, just drag n drop component on page

  • Set managed bean list reference to selectManyCheckbox component, records stored in this list will be populated in component

  • Suppose I have to show some record as selected by default on page load so for this requirement created another List in managed bean and added it to value property of selectManyCheckbox component
    Value property of component refers only selected records but selectItems component refers all records of component

  •     //List to show selected values in selectMany Component
        List selectedValues;
        public void setSelectedValues(List selectedValues) {
            this.selectedValues = selectedValues;
        public List getSelectedValues() {
            if (selectedValues == null) {
                selectedValues = new ArrayList();
                System.out.println("List is-" + selectedValues);
            return selectedValues;

    See af:selectManyCheckbox source -

    <af:selectManyCheckbox id="smc1" value="#{viewScope.ProgSelectManyComp.selectedValues}">
                                        <f:selectItems value="#{viewScope.ProgSelectManyComp.allValuesList}" id="si1"/>

  • Now run this application and see component on page

  • Following same steps i have three more component on page , all 3 adf faces component support multiple selection

    <af:selectManyChoice label="Label 1" id="smc2"
                                        <f:selectItems value="#{viewScope.ProgSelectManyComp.allValuesList}" id="si2"/>


    <af:selectManyListbox label="Label 1" id="sml1"
                                        <f:selectItems value="#{viewScope.ProgSelectManyComp.allValuesList}" id="si3"/>


     <af:selectManyShuttle label="Label 1" id="sos1" simple="true"
                                        <f:selectItems value="#{viewScope.ProgSelectManyComp.allValuesList}" id="si4"/>

  • All 4 components on page are populated using same List, this is just an example to show that all 4 components share same strucutre, run this application and see 

  • Thanks, Happy Learning :)
    Download- Sample ADF Application

Monday 5 January 2015

ADF Basics: Delete child records on delete of parent record, Overriding remove() in EntityObject class

This post is about one basic question of Master-Detail relation between business components
How to delete all child records on delete of parent record ?
So answer is quite simple , see the steps how to achieve this?

  • Create a Fusion Web Application and prepare model project using Departments and Employees table of HRSchema.
    you can see multiple associations and viewLinks are created automatically due to foreign key relation in database

  • Here Departments is parent table and Employees is child, so there is an association between both entity objects , open this association and goto Association Properties . Now you can see source and destination accessor name that are created in both entity objects

  • Next step is to create EntityObject java class. To do this open Departments entity object -- go to java section-- click on edit icon and check the box to create class and required methods
    See Accessors and Remove Method will be created in this class

  • Open DepartmentsEOImpl class and check there is a method that returns RowIterator of Employees (this is Accessor)

  •     /**
         * @return the associated entity oracle.jbo.RowIterator.
        public RowIterator getEmployeesEO1() {
            return (RowIterator)getAttributeInternal(EMPLOYEESEO1);

  • Now locate remove method in EOImpl, this method is called every time when delete operation for Departments is executed so add this code to remove(); method

  •     /**
         * Add entity remove logic in this method.
        public void remove() {
            //Get all Employees of currenlty selected Department
            RowIterator employees = getEmployeesEO1();
            while (employees.hasNext()) {
                //Delete all Employees
            //Delete Department itself after deleting all Employees associated with it

This is how we can make use EntityObject class and Association accessors, in the same way other operation can be performed as updating all child rows, sum of a column of child records etc
Thnaks , Happy Learning :)

Friday 2 January 2015

Using captcha with ADF Faces (Integrate Kaptcha project with Oracle ADF)

First of all wishing a very Happy New Year to all of you, learn more n more ADF this year :)

This post is about using captcha challenge in ADF Faces, captcha is used to determine whether user is a human or not
CAPTCHA stands for-Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart
Frank Nimphius posted about 'captcha with ADF Faces' using "Simple Captcha" project.
You can read complete article-

For this post I am using modern version of simplecaptcha project called Kaptcha, project provides a servlet that is responsible for generating captcha image and there are various configuration parameters to change look n feel of captcha image
See project documentation -
Download jar file-

Now see the steps to integrate Kaptcha project with Oracle ADF
  • Create a FusionWeb Application, attach kaptcha-2.3.2 jar to viewController project, also see How to use "Kaptcha"-

  • Next step is to add kaptcha servlet reference in web.xml file

  •  <servlet>

  • Add an af:image on page to show captcha, image source is referenced from servlet mapping

  • <af:image id="i1" partialtriggers="l1" shortdesc="Captcha" source="/kaptchaimage">

  • Default configuration for captcha image is completed , I have added an af:inputText and button on page to enter captcha result .

  • <af:panelBox text="Captcha Demo-" id="pb1" showDisclosure="false"
                            <f:facet name="toolbar"/>
                            <af:spacer width="0" height="10" id="s3"/>
                            <af:panelFormLayout id="pfl1">
                                <af:panelGroupLayout id="pgl1" layout="horizontal">
                                    <af:image source="/kaptchaimage" id="i1" partialTriggers="l1" shortDesc="Captcha"/>
                                    <af:spacer width="10" height="0" id="s4"/>
                                    <af:link id="l1" icon="#{resource['images:reload.png']}" shortDesc="Refresh Captcha"/>
                                <af:inputText label="Enter text" id="it1" binding="#{ReadCaptchaBean.entrdCaptchaBind}"
                                <af:button text="Submit" id="b1" actionListener="#{ReadCaptchaBean.readCaptchAction}"/>

  • Run application and see how captcha image is appearing on page

  • It looks good :-), now see the managed bean code written in submit button's action. This code checks actual captcha value with entered value

  •     //Binding of inputText to get entered value
        private RichInputText entrdCaptchaBind;
        public void setEntrdCaptchaBind(RichInputText entrdCaptchaBind) {
            this.entrdCaptchaBind = entrdCaptchaBind;
        public RichInputText getEntrdCaptchaBind() {
            return entrdCaptchaBind;
        /**Method to check whether entered value is correct or not
         * @param actionEvent
        public void readCaptchaAction(ActionEvent actionEvent) {
            FacesContext fctx = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
            ExternalContext ectx = fctx.getExternalContext();
            HttpServletRequest request = (HttpServletRequest) ectx.getRequest();
            //KAPTCHA_SESSION_KEY- The value for the kaptcha is generated and is put into the HttpSession. This is the key value for that item in the session.
            String kaptchaExpected =
                (String) request.getSession().getAttribute(;
            //Get entered value of captcha using inputText binding
            String kaptchaReceived = entrdCaptchaBind.getValue().toString();
            System.out.println("Entered Value-" + kaptchaReceived + " Expected Value-" + kaptchaExpected);
            if (kaptchaReceived == null || !kaptchaReceived.equalsIgnoreCase(kaptchaExpected)) {
                FacesMessage errMsg = new FacesMessage("Invalid Value");
                errMsg.setDetail("Incorrect captcha value- Not Human");
                fctx.addMessage(entrdCaptchaBind.getClientId(), errMsg);
            } else {
                FacesMessage errMsg = new FacesMessage("Correct Value");
                errMsg.setDetail("Hello this is the right guess");
                fctx.addMessage(entrdCaptchaBind.getClientId(), errMsg);

  • Again run this application and enter value for captcha

  • So it is working , now to change captcha image added a link with partialSubmit=false and set partial trigger property on af:image.

  • Kaptcha integration with Oracle ADF is complete and it is working properly  now if you want to modify captcha look n feel then add some init-param (configuration parameter) in web.xml file.
    See complete list of configuration parameters-
    I have changed some parameters value in web.xml , see changed source of web.xml and captcha output

  • <servlet>

    again run this application and check output

    Thanks, Happy Learning :)
    Download-Sample ADF Application