R Variables and Constants – Variable Assignment, Search & Delete

Sharing is Caring

Variables are the name given to a piece of data or information. Like many other programming languages, we use R variables to store data. R supports numeric, string, boolean and many other data types and we do not declare a variable with the data type, instead of that we assign a value to the variable and on basis of value R automatically sets data type of variable.
A variable name consists of characters, numbers, and the special character (dot(.) and underscore(_) only) and can not start with any number.

See an example of variable naming in R programming

#Variables Naming in R Programming

#Valid Varibale Name
varone <- 20
print(varone)

#Valid Variable Name
.var_two <-30
print(.var_two)

#Invalid Variable Name
12months <- 12

#Invalid Variable Name (as dot is followed by number)
.1Var <- "Ashish"

The output on R Console

 

Variable Assignment in R

In R programming, Value of variable can be assigned using left arrow, right arrow or equal to operator and data type of a variable can be changed multiple times in a program that depends on its value.

# Assignment using  using left arrow
var1 <- 5
print(var1)

# Assignment using  using right arrow
"Ashish Awasthi" -> var2 
print(var2)

# Assignment using equal to operator
var3 = FALSE 
print(var3)

Data type of a Variable

This is how we can check the data type of any variable

# Declare Different types of Variables
var1 <- 5
print(var1)
"Ashish Awasthi" -> var2 
print(var2)
var3 = FALSE 
print(var3)

# Check class of var1
class(var1)

# Check class of var2
class(var2)

# Check class of var3
class(var3)

data type of variable in R

Searching Variable

We can find all variable available in the workspace using ls() function, and we can also use pattern in ls function to find the specific variable.

See an example here

#Declare some variables
var <- 10
var1 <- "Ashish Awasthi"
var2 <- 20.5
test_var <- TRUE

#Print all variables present in workspace
ls()

#Search specific variable
ls(pattern="test")

The output on R Console

Finding Variable in R

Deleting a Variable

If you want to delete a variable that is no longer needed then there is rm() function, that removes variable from the workspace.

See an example

#Declare some variables
var <- 10
var1 <- "Ashish Awasthi"
var2 <- 20.5
test_var <- TRUE

#Delete a variable
rm(var2)

#Now print that variable
print(var2)

The output on R Console

Deleting a Variable in R

Constants in R

As the name suggests constant means, an entity that value can not be changed. Constants can be numeric, character, boolean etc. All numbers are numeric constants, we can check it’s using typeof() function.

#Numeric Constants
typeof(10)

#Character Constants
typeof("Ashish Awasthi")

#Buil-in Constants
print(pi)
typeof(pi)

print(LETTERS)
typeof(LETTERS)

print(letters)
typeof(letters)

print(month.name)
typeof(month.name)

 

Constants in R

Cheers 🙂 Happy Learning

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