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Saturday 30 July 2016

ADF Basics: Populate simple programmatic View Object using POJO

Hello All

I hope you all know that we have 4 type of viewObjects in ADF, Here we'll discuss about a simple programmatic viewObject
  • Entity Object Based
  • SQL Query Based
  • Static List Based
  • Programmatic ViewObject
Programmatic ViewObject can be created by overriding appropriate methods in ViewObject's Impl class to retireve data from REF CURSOR, Array or any Java file
Here in this post I am using an ArrayList (POJO based) to populate viewObject records so for that I'll override some methods of ViewObject Impl class

executeQueryForCollection- This method is start of viewObject execution , here we can initialize values (for query and EO based viewObjects it is called whenever query needs to be executed)

hasNextForCollection-This method executes hasNext on viewObject rowset and returns true if there are more rows to create and if it's an end then it returns false

createRowFromResultSet-This method populates each row of fetched data , actually creates a new row and populate data for each attribute of that row

So this is basic theory behind programmatic viewObject implementation, now we'll see how to create a simple programmatic viewObject

  • Create a Fusion Web Application , Right click on Model project and select viewObject from new window

  • ViewObject creation wizard appears , Set viewObject name and it's type to programmatic in first step

  • In Step 2 define attributes for this viewObject, Here I am defining 3 attributes (Name and Type)

  • Set updatable always for attributes and define atleast one keyAttribute in step 3

  • Check the box to create ViewObject Impl and RowImpl classes in step 4

  • In Step 5 Add this viewObject to an Application Module, Provide Application Module name

So viewObject creation is done now next is to popuate data in this viewObject , Here you can see I have taken 3 attributes in viewObject so for that created a POJO class in model project that'll be further used in ArrayList to populate data

public class CharacterListBean {
    //Constrcutor to add new record in POJO class
    public CharacterListBean(String id, String sName, String cName) {
        this.Id = id;
        this.seasonName = sName;
        this.characterName = cName;
    //Variables for each viewObject attribute and it's accessors
    private String Id;
    private String seasonName;
    private String characterName;

    public void setId(String Id) {
        this.Id = Id;

    public String getId() {
        return Id;

    public void setSeasonName(String seasonName) {
        this.seasonName = seasonName;

    public String getSeasonName() {
        return seasonName;

    public void setCharacterName(String characterName) {
        this.characterName = characterName;

    public String getCharacterName() {
        return characterName;

Now override methods in View Object Impl class , There are proper comments in code so you can understand that 

import java.sql.ResultSet;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import oracle.jbo.Row;
import oracle.jbo.server.ViewObjectImpl;
import oracle.jbo.server.ViewRowImpl;
import oracle.jbo.server.ViewRowSetImpl;

import programmaticvodemo.model.bean.CharacterListBean;
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------
// ---    File generated by Oracle ADF Business Components Design Time.
// ---    Sat Jul 30 11:55:06 IST 2016
// ---    Custom code may be added to this class.
// ---    Warning: Do not modify method signatures of generated methods.
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------
public class ProgTestVOImpl extends ViewObjectImpl {
     * This is the default constructor (do not remove).
    public ProgTestVOImpl() {
    //Array List to store Season-Character Information as using POJO class CharacterListBean
    private ArrayList<CharacterListBean> characterList = new ArrayList<CharacterListBean>();

    /**Initialize values here, Used POJO based class to add records in List
     * executeQueryForCollection - overridden for custom java data source support.
    protected void executeQueryForCollection(Object qc, Object[] params, int noUserParams) {
        //Initialize Records here
        characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC1", "Game of Thrones", "Tywin lanister"));
        characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC2", "Game of Thrones", "Tyrion lanister"));
        characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC3", "Game of Thrones", "Jon Snow"));
        characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC4", "Arrow", "Oliver Queen"));
        characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC5", "Arrow", "Sara Lance"));
        characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC6", "The Flash", "Barry Allen"));
        characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC7", "The Flash", "Harrison Wells"));
        characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC8", "The Flash", "Cisco Ramon"));
        //Set Initial fetch index to 0
        setFetchIndex(qc, 0);
        super.executeQueryForCollection(qc, params, noUserParams);

     * hasNextForCollection - overridden for custom java data source support.
    protected boolean hasNextForCollection(Object qc) {
        // Check that there is other records to fetch from ArrayList
        return getFetchIndex(qc) < characterList.size();

    /**In this method new row is created and values are assigned to each attribute of that row
     * createRowFromResultSet - overridden for custom java data source support.
    protected ViewRowImpl createRowFromResultSet(Object qc, ResultSet resultSet) {
        // Get the current fetch index
        int curIndex = getFetchIndex(qc);
        // Create a new row
        ProgTestVORowImpl characterRow = (ProgTestVORowImpl) createNewRowForCollection(qc);
        //Here set attribute values in new row using RowImpl class
        // Change the fetch index as one record is increased in result set
        setFetchIndex(qc, curIndex + 1);
        // Return the newly created row
        return characterRow;

     * getQueryHitCount - overridden for custom java data source support.
    public long getQueryHitCount(ViewRowSetImpl viewRowSet) {
        long value = super.getQueryHitCount(viewRowSet);
        return value;

     * getCappedQueryHitCount - overridden for custom java data source support.
    public long getCappedQueryHitCount(ViewRowSetImpl viewRowSet, Row[] masterRows, long oldCap, long cap) {
        long value = super.getCappedQueryHitCount(viewRowSet, masterRows, oldCap, cap);
        return value;

     * Method to set the new fetch index
     * @param rowset
     * @param index
    private void setFetchIndex(Object rowset, int index) {
        if (index == characterList.size()) {
            setFetchCompleteForCollection(rowset, true);
        setUserDataForCollection(rowset, new Integer(index));

     * Method to get the current fetch index
     * @param rowset
     * @return
    private int getFetchIndex(Object rowset) {
        int value = ((Integer) getUserDataForCollection(rowset)).intValue();
        return value;

All done :) Now time to check programmatic viewObject so for that Run Application Module

Sample ADF Application-Download
Cheers :) Happy Learning


  1. Thanks for the nice post. it gives great information

  2. Can you please share this application..??

    1. Hi Sumit

      Check post I have attached sample application, You can download that


  3. you are always awesome
    but kindly I want you to make a post to illustrate how we can upload *.xls or .*xlsx to adf table

  4. Hi Ashish,

    If my AM contains only Programmatic VO and I do not have DB connection.

    Does AM pool tuning required to cope up with number of concurrent users

  5. Can we get access to the view object without Impl and Application module ?

    1. Without ApplicationModule you can not use viewObjecy and using binding layer you can access viewObjects