ADF Basics: Populate simple programmatic View Object using POJO

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Hello All

I hope you all know that we have 4 types of view objects in ADF, Here we’ll discuss about a simple programmatic viewObject

  • Entity Object-Based
  • SQL Query Based
  • Static List Based
  • Programmatic ViewObject

Programmatic ViewObject can be created by overriding appropriate methods in ViewObject’s Impl class to retrieve data from REF CURSOR, Array or any Java file
Here in this post, I am using an ArrayList (POJO based) to populate viewObject records so for that I’ll override some methods of ViewObject Impl class

executeQueryForCollection- This method is the start of viewObject execution, here we can initialize values (for query and EO based view objects it is called whenever query needs to be executed)

hasNextForCollection-This method executes hasNext on viewObject rowset and returns true if there are more rows to create and if it’s an end then it returns false

createRowFromResultSet-This method populates each row of fetched data, actually creates a new row and populate data for each attribute of that row

So this is the basic theory behind the programmatic view object implementation, now we’ll see how to create a simple programmatic viewObject

    • Create a Fusion Web Application, Right click on the Model project and select viewObject from the new window



    • ViewObject creation wizard appears, Set viewObject name and it’s type to programmatic in the first step



    • In Step 2 define attributes for this view object, Here I am defining 3 attributes (Name and Type)



    • Set updatable always for attributes and define at least one key attribute in step 3



    • Check the box to create ViewObject Impl and RowImpl classes in step 4



    • In Step 5 Add this view object to an Application Module, Provide Application Module name



So viewObject creation is done now next is to popuate data in this viewObject , Here you can see I have taken 3 attributes in viewObject so for that created a POJO class in the model project that’ll be further used in ArrayList to populate data

public class CharacterListBean {
    //Constrcutor to add new record in POJO class
    public CharacterListBean(String id, String sName, String cName) {
        this.Id = id;
        this.seasonName = sName;
        this.characterName = cName;
    //Variables for each viewObject attribute and it's accessors
    private String Id;
    private String seasonName;
    private String characterName;

public void setId(String Id) {
this.Id = Id;

public String getId() {
return Id;

public void setSeasonName(String seasonName) {
this.seasonName = seasonName;

public String getSeasonName() {
return seasonName;

public void setCharacterName(String characterName) {
this.characterName = characterName;

public String getCharacterName() {
return characterName;

Now override methods in View Object Impl class, There are proper comments in the code so you can understand that

import java.sql.ResultSet;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import oracle.jbo.Row;
import oracle.jbo.server.ViewObjectImpl;
import oracle.jbo.server.ViewRowImpl;
import oracle.jbo.server.ViewRowSetImpl;

import programmaticvodemo.model.bean.CharacterListBean;
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------
// --- File generated by Oracle ADF Business Components Design Time.
// --- Sat Jul 30 11:55:06 IST 2016
// --- Custom code may be added to this class.
// --- Warning: Do not modify method signatures of generated methods.
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------
public class ProgTestVOImpl extends ViewObjectImpl {
 * This is the default constructor (do not remove).
public ProgTestVOImpl() {
//Array List to store Season-Character Information as using POJO class CharacterListBean
private ArrayList<CharacterListBean> characterList = new ArrayList<CharacterListBean>();

/**Initialize values here, Used POJO based class to add records in List
 * executeQueryForCollection - overridden for custom java data source support.
protected void executeQueryForCollection(Object qc, Object[] params, int noUserParams) {
//Initialize Records here
characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC1", "Game of Thrones", "Tywin lanister"));
characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC2", "Game of Thrones", "Tyrion lanister"));
characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC3", "Game of Thrones", "Jon Snow"));
characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC4", "Arrow", "Oliver Queen"));
characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC5", "Arrow", "Sara Lance"));
characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC6", "The Flash", "Barry Allen"));
characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC7", "The Flash", "Harrison Wells"));
characterList.add(new CharacterListBean("SC8", "The Flash", "Cisco Ramon"));
//Set Initial fetch index to 0
setFetchIndex(qc, 0);
super.executeQueryForCollection(qc, params, noUserParams);

 * hasNextForCollection - overridden for custom java data source support.
protected boolean hasNextForCollection(Object qc) {
// Check that there is other records to fetch from ArrayList
return getFetchIndex(qc) < characterList.size();

/**In this method new row is created and values are assigned to each attribute of that row
 * createRowFromResultSet - overridden for custom java data source support.
protected ViewRowImpl createRowFromResultSet(Object qc, ResultSet resultSet) {
// Get the current fetch index
int curIndex = getFetchIndex(qc);
// Create a new row
ProgTestVORowImpl characterRow = (ProgTestVORowImpl) createNewRowForCollection(qc);
//Here set attribute values in new row using RowImpl class
// Change the fetch index as one record is increased in result set
setFetchIndex(qc, curIndex + 1);
// Return the newly created row
return characterRow;

 * getQueryHitCount - overridden for custom java data source support.
public long getQueryHitCount(ViewRowSetImpl viewRowSet) {
long value = super.getQueryHitCount(viewRowSet);
return value;

 * getCappedQueryHitCount - overridden for custom java data source support.
public long getCappedQueryHitCount(ViewRowSetImpl viewRowSet, Row[] masterRows, long oldCap, long cap) {
long value = super.getCappedQueryHitCount(viewRowSet, masterRows, oldCap, cap);
return value;

 * Method to set the new fetch index
 * @param rowset
 * @param index
private void setFetchIndex(Object rowset, int index) {
if (index == characterList.size()) {
setFetchCompleteForCollection(rowset, true);
setUserDataForCollection(rowset, new Integer(index));

 * Method to get the current fetch index
 * @param rowset
 * @return
private int getFetchIndex(Object rowset) {
int value = ((Integer) getUserDataForCollection(rowset)).intValue();
return value;

All done 🙂 Now time to check programmatic viewObject so for that Run Application Module

Sample ADF Application-Download
Cheers 🙂 Happy Learning

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14 thoughts on “ADF Basics: Populate simple programmatic View Object using POJO”

  1. Dear Ashish,
    thanks, for your helpful post , but what about view criteria in the programmatic VO , should i override any method to work ?

  2. Hi Ashish,
    thanks for your reply
    i override the methods bindParametersForCollection, prepareRowSetForQuery and executeQueryForCollection but also the search creteria not work in the list of value based on programmatic VO also even to search with litteral not bind variable


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